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Some equipment deserve a place in each bag. The mountaineers, hikers or even simple tourists will not need all items on each trip, but essential equipment can be a rescue buoy in an emergency.

  • Can you prevent emergency situations and react positively if they occur?
  • Can you spend a night (or more) outside in complete safety?

Most customers of Take carefully selected articles to cope with the unexpected. Whatever your approach to equipment, a control list will help you remember what you need to take to prepare for a trip.

40L hiking bag

But don't forget that your equipment must be adapted to the nature of the output. Weather conditions, distance from help and complexity must be taken into account in the choice of essential elements.

The first elements are generally compact and vary little from one trip to another; They can be grouped for facilitate transport. Add the necessary digital and physical cards, adequate food, water and additional clothes, and you are ready to go.

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This brief list is intended to be easy to remember And to serve as a mental control list before the trip.


Modern tools have revolutionized navigation in the world. Today's hiker is essential tools when he sails in the hinterland:

  • a map
  • a compass
  • A GPS device
  • A device to contact the first stakeholders in an emergency.

It is important to transport these tools and know how to use them - if your own life is threatened, you must be able to communicate with emergency stakeholders. The use of several tools increases confidence in the location and the route, provides a rescue solution in the event of failure and increases the awareness of the situation.


Regional cards

Cards synthesize a large amount of information on a region that cannot be reproduced by written descriptions or by memory. Each traveler should have a protected physical card on him in a plump case or plastic bag. It is not fragile, does not need battery and provides both a backup and the overview of a region that cannot be reproduced by written descriptions or a small screen.

If your main card is a fragile electronic device powered by batteries or a mobile phone, take at least one emergency diet, and always take a card from the region printed in reserve.

Budget : Between 6 and 10 euros on Amazon for regional maps 



Robust and easy to use, this essential tool allows travelers to orient the card and orient themselves in relation to the landscape. Many smartphones, GPS devices and wristwatch also contain electronic compasses.

Budget : 20 euros on Amazon for this Hiking compass


Flash light

In the open air, the front lamp is the pocket lamp par excellence, which releases the hands for everything, from the kitchen to the climbing. Even if you plan to go back before night, it is important to have a lamp and take away from it. The efficient and shiny LED bulb has completely replaced the ineffective incandescent bulb of a few years ago.

A LED bulb is practically eternal, but not the batteries, which is why it is necessary still have a spare one. If you use a front lamp or rechargeable batteries, start with a full load.

Any front lamp sold in an outdoor items store is weather resistant, and some models can be immersed. All models allow you to tilt the beam down for close work, such as cooking, and orient it up to look far.

Budget : 24.99 € for this LED flashlight


Travel backpack



Take and wear sunglasses and take with you a wide spectrum sunscreen of a FPS 30 at least. Not doing it in the short term can lead to sunburn or snow blindness; Long -term effects include cataracts and skin cancer.


Cat.4 sunglasses

In Alpine regions, quality sunglasses are essential. The eyes are particularly vulnerable to radiation, and the cornea of ​​unprotected eyes can easily burn before you feel the slightest discomfort, which leads to an excruciating painful condition known as snow blindness.

The ultraviolet rays cross the layers of clouds. So do not be fooled by cloudy conditions and Do not leave your eyes without protection. It is advisable to wear sunglasses whenever you are outside and is clear. It becomes critical of snow, ice, water and high altitude.

Budget : 39.95 € for his Sunglasses Category 4, UV400


Solar cream

Soad cream is essential for outdoor well-being. Although the natural pigmentation of the skin and the quantity of screen required vary considerably from person to person, the sanction of an underestimation of the necessary protection is strict, including the possibility of skin cancer.

Certain diseases, such as lupus, and certain drugs, such as antibiotics and antihistamines, can lead to increased sensitivity to the sun's rays.

Budget : From 6 to 15 € in pharmacy or large area


First aid

Take a first aid kit and know how to use it, but do not let it have a fake feeling of security. The best thing to do is always take the necessary measures to avoid injury or disease.

Most first aid training are intended for situations in urban or industrial areas, where qualified personnel can intervene quickly. In the mountains, it can flow for hours, before qualified personnel intervene. So especially be careful.

The first aid kit must be Compact and solid, and its contents should be packed in waterproof packaging. The commercial first aid kits are widely available, but most are inadequate.

A basic first aid kit must contain bandages, skin closings, gauze pads and dressings, bandage or roller envelope, adhesive ribbon, antiseptic, supplies for prevention and processing of bulbs, Nitrile gloves, tweezers, a needle, over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal and antihistamine tablets, a topical antibiotic and any important personal prescription, including an EPIPEN if you are allergic to the venom of venom bee or hornet.

Take into account the duration and nature of each trip to decide what to add to the basic elements of the first aid kit.

Budget : 28.99 € for thisFirst aid


Multifunction knife

The knives are so useful For first aid, food preparation, repairs and climbing that each person should wear one, preferably with a wrist strap to avoid losing it.

For a short outing, many take away a small multifunction tool, as well as adhesive tape. The list lengthens for more distant and longer trips of course! Supplies may include other tools (pliers, screwdriver, scissors) which can be part of a knife or a pocket tool or be transported separately.

Budget : 17.99 € for thisMultifunction knife


Take the means to turn on and maintain an emergency fire. Most hikers take one or two disposable lighters instead of matches. One or the other must be absolutely reliable.

Fire lighters are indispensable To quickly light wet wood and make a campfire in an emergency. But far from the cliché of Koh Lanta, the most common fires are the heated tabs, the cotton balls soaked in petroleum jelly and the wood prepared commercially and soaked in wax or chemicals.

In addition, during a trip or a hike in high altitude on snow or on the glacier, where the firewood is non -existent, it is advisable to take a stove as an additional source of heat and water in the event of 'emergency.

Budget : Between 5 and 20 € depending on the solution you have chosen.


Bring a kind of emergency shelter (in addition to a raincoat) against rain and wind, like a plastic tubular tent or at least a bag of giant plastic bivouac.

Single -use bivouac bags in reflective thermo polyethylene are a Excellent option for a weight of less than 1.5 kg. The "emergency covers", although inexpensive and light, are not enough to protect from wind, rain or snow while retaining body heat.

Even during one day excursions, some hikers take an ordinary bivouac bag in their survival equipment. A bag of bivouac of approximately 0.5 kilogram protects the layers of clothes from the weather, minimizes the effects of the wind and imprisons in its cocoon a large part of the heat which escapes from your body.

Budget : 16.99 € for this reflective thermo bivouac bag

Supplementary food

Survival ration

For short trips, an additional day reserve of one day is a reasonable emergency reserve in case bad weather, poor navigation, injury or other reasons may delay you.

Shipping or long trekking may require more food, and during a cold time trip, do not forget that food is synonymous with heat. Food should not require cooking, be easily digestible and keep for a long time. A combination of dried meat, nuts, candies, granola and dried fruit is well suited.

Some hikers point out, half asleep, that the energy bars with exotic flavors serve as an emergency rations, because no one is tempted to eat them, except in an emergency. And a few instant coffee sachets can help an inveterate coffee drinker keeping a cool head.

Budget : 14.50 € for this survival ration package



Water filtration straw

Take enough water and have the skills and necessary tools(photo above) to obtain and purify additional water. Carry still At least one bottle of water or a hydration bag. Large opening containers are easier to fill. The hydration bags are designed to be stored in the bag and are equipped with a plastic pipe and a valve that allow you to drink without slowing down the pace, but they are subject to leaks and frost, are reputed to be to be Difficult to clean and often encourage people to transport more water than necessary.

Before hiking, fill water containers from a reliable source. In most environments, you must be able to treat water - filtering it, using purification chemicals or boiling it - from rivers, streams, lakes and other sources. Plan enough water to meet the additional needs due to heat, cold, altitude, effort or an emergency.

Budget : 40 € for this batch of Strawwater filtration


Additional clothing

What additional clothes are required in an emergency? The term "additional clothing" refers to the additional layers which would be necessary to survive the long hours of inactivity of an unplanned bivouac. Ask this question: what additional clothes do I need to spend the night in my emergency shelter in the worst conditions that we can meet during this trip?

An additional layer of long underwear can add heat without adding a lot of weight. An additional hat or hood will bring you more warmth compared to its weight than any other garment. For your feet, bring an additional pair of thick socks; For your hands, a pair of gloves. For the winter, also plan additional insulation for chest and legs.


Man backpack


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